I really liked Gravity, I liked it for being an intelligent popular film. I loved the fragility that’s everywhere in this film. Everything’s made of flaky pastry.
I loved seeing a woman dealing with her own dilemma, looking from her eyes. Even if she has assistance, it’s not a movie from the perspective of men-dealing-with-her-problems-for-her (ie she’s not a damsel). She still has agency over her fate, even if she’s not the only factor.
It’s a delicate construction, a movie about how we often have less control than we think but also portraying a woman as capable of self-determination. It gets past the man-effective-woman-futile cliche without going straight to everyone-effective-all-the-time. Here actions are unpredictably useful, so I like how that fits with my feeling it’s worth it to always be trying, but one can never be blamed or credited solely for how things turn out, good or bad.
Religion in movies is a tricky thing to portray (everything in movies is tricky to portray. making good art is hard), but I liked the references to deities here. Praying as reconciliation with being just one force amongst many greater ones, rather than an attempt to bargain with/ control the universe. I liked the overt visual metaphors (mothership as womb) in a way I don’t usually except in comics.
It’s a good movie to see the weekend before you come into work and find out you’re redundant, in a job you kinda took and a city you kinda moved to to get away from everything. This is why women need stories about them. Not that my life is nearly as tragic, but imagining the situation as flaky pastry space junk is comforting somehow, both as “well, at least I’m not that screwed” & “imagining self as central characters in an epic” kinda ways. Also in a “Well maybe I should go to China?” kinda way.
Hello, family in Hong Kong, just thought I’d drop in.
It’s a video-gamey movie in the way it keeps moving everywhere. Apollo 13 is like, sit tight and work your way through the many options available to you and hopefully pick the right one in time to not die. Jason Di Rosso called it a fantasy of powerlessness, maybe. In the sense that it’s a fantasy of trading uncertainty for being forced into knowing exactly what you have to do next, I guess. Upping the contrast.
Gravity doesn’t seem deliberately meaningful - it doesn’t have the irony, the overt questioning, of high science fiction - but I like that here. You walk away with a sense, rather than a message.
I remember a few years ago feeling like my life was falling apart, reading Rem Koolhaas talking about something architecture and painting a picture of the world as loose floating cultural debris on which to surf, that was comforting at the time.
9:05 pm • 25 October 2013 • 3 notes
Complexity and Contradiction In Games
In Architecture there’s this idea that if you are trying to make a building feel light then you should make the joints light (eg, bound timber joints, lightly webbed trusses), or if you want it to feel solid then the materials and joints should be solid too (concrete, solid beams). Nevermind that you can paint fiberboard to look like concrete, creating a heavy-feeling but actually flimsy space, or that the re-invention of concrete allowed us to create buildings with a greater sense of light and air.
The experience and the method of construction should exemplify the same idea. Kinda like the idea in games that mechanics should be thematically appropriate for the story.
Nevermind that humans really like ironies, non-sequiturs & paradoxes*. To vastly oversimplify: In the 60s architect Robert Venturi wrote “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture” a book that celebrated the richness of “the difficult whole”. He felt the diagrammatic mid-century architecture was obsessed with harmonising effect with means to the point of producing one-liners. He, with Denise Scott Brown, later wrote about the different between “ducks” (buildings that symbolised their contents, roles or idea, like a Duck shop shaped like a duck), and “decorated sheds” (buildings that exemplified their content, roles or ideas, like a bank decorated very richly on a pedestal of firm stone. This building is actually prosperous in decoration and secure in materials, it doesn’t just symbolise prosperity and security through, say, statues of the Goddesses Prosperity and Security).
If these two points seem contradictory, I’m sure Scott Brown and Venturi would be pleased. They argue both for buildings that exemplify their themes, and for buildings that do not merely exemplify their themes or edit out richness in the name of purity.
I think that’s the best lesson - yes, avoid ludo-narrative dissonance in your games if you can, but also know it’s not always bad, it’s a tool you can use to bring a sense of irony or sublime, paradox or sublte unease, and many other things. Maybe don’t sacrifice these things in the name of avoiding ludo-narrative dissonance if they bring richness to your game.
*I have a personal theory that the bible is attractive because of its internal contradictions, not despite them. They play upon the mind like the unresolved drama of a pop song; supposedly they’re resolved in some other dimension, inviting us to consider the sublime. It’s the way it feels beyond our comprehension to fully resolve its contradictions that makes it feel ‘Holy’.
8:37 pm • 4 October 2013 • 8 notes
The Other Sides
I usually find it pretty easy to be happy about videogames - between playing amazing, inventive new games, talking to my friends, reading the likes of John Teti, listening to Idle Thumbs - I know a fantastic culture exists that manages to be compassionate, welcoming and hilarious, buoyant, sometimes drunk, outspoken and always entertaining.
This week I’ve been playing Fez though, and it’s making me angry and sad. This game is so beautiful, so well made, it has a love of play woven throughout it, a love for games. The more I play, the fonder I get of it, the sadder I am that Phil Fish was terrorised out of the industry.
I get this feeling when visiting ancient ruins, particularly stuff that was actively destroyed by some other group. The foundations of the walls remain, revealing the plan of the building that was, and all I have access to is this one face of the building, this flatness to stand for what was whole. These are amazing, but there’s no left-trigger to show me the rest, because someone else couldn’t stand it so they razed it.
I’ll never get to see the other facets of this artist’s work, and playing this game just reminds me of that.
It’s weird that one group fighting to prove they love games the mostest meant the tearing down of actual game makers and the prevention of game-making, but only insofar as it was weird that people who sought to prove they loved god the mostest meant the tearing down of temples/churches/mosques and the forbidding of worship.
That group turned hard on Phil Fish, not in a way that suggested they wanted him to be a better person or make better games. I was late to this debate, so I only caught the tail end, but I don’t think they hated him because he once called Japanese games crap, but because he was irreverent towards bro culture and fairly progressive in his values, and he made excellent games. The fact we have games like this that are more fun than most of the sexist/racist crap out there challenges the doctrine that we’re just killjoys, out to turn all games into sermons. So they wanted to salt the earth so nothing grew there again ever more.
So maybe it’s the aesthetic of ruins, maybe it’s the void I keep falling into and the vertigo I feel every time Fez screams, or because Fez reminds me of Plasmo (a melancholy kids TV show from the 90s). But between players who revel in calling Shanghai “Whore of the Orient” or identifying with Dickwolves or defending Killer Is Dead, I felt like we’ve lost something valuable and put hollowness in its place, like when a property developer, who always profess to be all about how cool and great buildings are, demolishes a grand old picture palace to build a carpark.
7:16 pm • 6 September 2013 • 4 notes
List of some games with thematically appropriate mechanics
Street Fighter and CS are games about practicing a very technical skill and knowing its details intimately, and the mechanics are similarly complex.
Fez is a game about the delight of discovery and new ideas over comfortable tradition. The movement is fluid, energetic, bouncy, happy.
The Walking Dead is a game about characters whose choices likely have very little effect on their long term outcome, but feel very critical to them. Limited but high stress mechanics reflect this.
The Sims is a game about the diversity and minutiae of an idealised american life, player has a lot of freedom and opportunities.
Call of Duty is a game about you being outrageously overskilled. You kill hundreds of people.
Dark Souls is a game about you being a novice. Hundreds of demons kill you.
Prison Architect Alpha is a game about the prison system. Mechanics are currently broken.
FTL is a game about leaping about space. My mouse spends a lot of time leaping about the screen.
Dys4ia is a game about things we haven’t chosen in life, game offers no choices.
The Counterfeit Monkey is a game about rebelling against a very restrictive, doctrinaire place - unlike a typical adventure game, each puzzle has many possible solutions. You can go with the first one you think of or know that if you think a bit harder you’ll be able to find the cheekier, more lateral ones and feel cleverer. I think it might be my favourite adventure puzzle game.
Halo is a game about befriending the fairy daughter of your foster mum. When you shoot bullets they impact like fairy dust.
Thirty Flights of Loving is a game about a highly atypical life. It’s told in a very unusual way, spatial, temporally.
Thematically, Journey is about a slipping away, a sliding, a dissolving - the movement mechanics emphasise that aspect of the story.
Cart Life is about people who struggle, the mechanics are similarly fiddly, frustrating.
Gone Home is a game about understanding other people’s experiences. The mechanics allow you to study things in depth and replace them carefully, it has a kind of embodied respect for both people and their culture (I use culture to refer to all “things” that people have that reflect their way of life, as well as habits and the way of life itself)
SimCity is a game about designing a city. At its best, the gameplay feels frenetic & busy.
Kerbal Space Program is a game about experimentation, how space travel evolved from many many discoveries and tests. The interface similarly is a process of slowly achieving a complex understanding, more so than many games.
I wonder if I play more seriously, more reflectively when I play with heavier chess pieces - do I emphasise the more important pieces? Do I play more inventively, more recklessly with a cheap plastic set?
Ostensibly the same mechanic - walking forward - can feel 1000 different ways. Or clicking a button. It could be to do with responsiveness of the controls, or the way the world responds, or the way the character is animated or not, the music or sound or or or
6:10 am • 29 August 2013 • 14 notes
Some very quick thoughts on Bioshock Infinite, which I really liked & thought did some newish things well and revealed we’ve still got a way to go on others.
First up, it’s the most second-person game I’ve seen, and seeing one character through another’s perspective was a good mindset for this kinda story. I didn’t mind the exposition dump ending either, I don’t mind storytime being the pay-off for playing well. Though the reveals seems so obvious to me from fairly early on but I was impressed how well these things were made logical to the story. Except the bird. I expected it to turn out to be Elizabeth’s mother/Lady Comstock in there, since it would explain the aggressive/protective duality. (The actual Lady Comstock showdown needed rewriting, badly.) I was wondering the whole time, “So who’s the bird?” but no answer. Grrr.
But then, Infinite felt weird in how they got obvious stuff wrong but other stuff unusually right. It didn’t start out all “rah rah treating women as only utensils, mcguffins and bargaining chips is wrong”, but it did a good job of treating its female characters as humans. It’s good to see a game not just moralise at players for treating female chars as objects (eg Braid) but offer them an opportunity to practice seeing them as humans. By contrast, it starts out laying on the “racism is bad” a bit too ham-handedly, takes a totally wrong strategy in trying to correct that & nuance-it-up, and ends up treating its POC characters as utensils, mcguffins and forgetting their humanity. Not entirely, but still could do better.
In Lady Comstock’s shrine I was scared it could satirise christian objectification of women while still allowing the game itself to objectify Elizabeth*, but then it didn’t. Female chars got respect, personalities, individual & logical motivations, clothing that reflected their likely style choices**, weren’t objectified by the camera, were animated with natural movement instead of weird hip-thrusty (Hello Halo 2!) or particularly bouncy stuff (Hello everything!). (They all have similar body types though, which is a pity)
3:11 am • 7 April 2013 • 3 notes
The other day I saw the new character model for Cortana and I was thinking it seemed pretty alright - she looked older, stronger, far less caricatured. If Cortana was always going to be titillating, at least she seemed a more appropriate object of desire: more 25 than 15, more flesh than real doll.
So I got a bit nervous when I saw a lot of negative reactions to Cortana’s new larger boobs. Not because that reaction wasn’t coming from a good place - these were people I respected, reacting against objectification of women and the presentation of unrealistic ideals to young women. But just a couple of weeks earlier I heard they’ve got plans to make the new Lara Croft incarnation deeper, and part of that will be making her boobs smaller. The implication that larger boobs are a liability to well-presented, deep characters makes me nervous because, well, how many stacked women get to have complex stories in popular media? I can think of Joan Holloway and…?
Boob sizes have been neatly separating the mistresses from wives, the sexy/trashy good-times-girls from the arty/pretentious hipsters, the ciphers from the plotlines. Video games have certainly fed the first part of the stereotype, that ‘e-cup women are playthings’, but wouldn’t only giving empathetic roles to C-cup-or-less women just reinforce that? (It’s also implying small-boobed women can’t be objectified because they’re insufficiently sexy. The beauty of this system is no-one wins!) Where are the ‘twist’ video games for this gaming trope, promoted as indulging the players’ desire to objectify women, but surprise! actually gives you that character’s perspective about what it’s like to live with all that objectification? Lara Croft isn’t running towards her goal, she’s running away from you, thousands upon thousands of leering players.
But there’s another point I want to make, because the logic that suggests “Sex is fun, fun is trivial, certain bodies are more sex than others, therefore certain bodies are more trivial than others.”, comes from the same place as that attitude towards media: “Play is fun, fun is trivial, certain media forms are more about play than others, therefore certain media forms are more trivial than others.”
1:11 am • 3 January 2013 • 102 notes
Prison Architect Alpha reviewed by Future Architect
Disclaimer: The game’s still in alpha, so consider these impressions in alpha too. Both could change!
A game about being a Prison Architect is really fascinating to me, mostly because I’m a grad architect and prisons come up in arch theory as intriguing special cases: Prisons are one of the few building types where the whole point is to force your intentions on the users; to have them do as you want, not as they want; and they can’t choose not to use the building. (Similar to the more authoritarian approaches to education and office design, I guess).
From Piranesi’s Carceri to Rem Koolhaas’ ‘Exodus, or The Voluntary Prisoners of Architecture’, we’ve used imaginary prisons as a chance to explore what architecture might do to and for society if only we had divine levels of control, or a chance to use our knowledge for bad. Because in figuring out what makes some buildings ecstatic and beloved (the kind that people visit to restore their love of the world and faith in themselves), you inadvertently learn what doesn’t. By building up your mental list of ‘never-do’, you’re cataloguing how to create buildings that psychologically & physically torture people, that break their spirits, and render them helpless. Steps too tall, stalls too small, light too glaring, spaces forboding and unnerving. And architects like to explore these as morbid speculations much like the rest of us like horror films or ghost trains.
Gonna admit that I went into Prison Architect expecting a total misrepresentation of what I do, where someone just used the term architect because it’s in plan perspective and it’s about building. Instead it feels a lot like what I do day-to-day: Using CAD. You draw walls using wall-types, put labels, add entourage. It’s fun! It’s really satisfying using a simplified drawing system that seems to have some crowd-modelling abilities built-in. Builders respond instantly to your plans! If something isn’t working you’ll know really quickly if the prisoners are upset! Such readily available prototyping feels luxurious to those of us who have to rely on prior experience and hope.
5:13 am • 18 October 2012 • 4 notes
Not all code is poetry, but some is.
Dan Golding just wrote a piece for crikey asserting that code isn’t poetry (http://blogs.crikey.com.au/game-on/2012/10/02/why-code-is-not-poetry/).
I don’t agree.
Not all code is poetry. But some can be. Code could be seen as a form of meter, a very restrictive syntax that you work with and against to make your point. There are lot of different meters that poets choose to work in, and there’s no reason they can’t choose code syntax as one.
In English poetry we’re used to very casual meters, a certain number of syllables per line, usually. But other poetic traditions have much more complex meters. Latin poetry specifies not only the number of syllables but the kind of syllable (heavy or light), and the pattern that they fall in, and differentiates between line breaks and breaks within a line (caesuras), and how they can be used. Just because a meter has very complex rules doesn’t mean it’s not a meter.
To me poetry is about finding the same feeling in the rhythm and timbre of words and/or typography that you find in the thing you’re describing, or perhaps outlining that feeling by using a constrasting sense. It’s about seeing a synaesthetic parallel between the feelings that we get from using and hearing language and other experiences, then trying to use that kind of language to express that thing.
If programmers see a certain amount of parallel between the structure that they’re using and the thing it’s describing, then those particular examples of code are poetry.
When I made a little animation that caused a dot to spiral about, and saw the same patterns in the looping IF clauses in the code, it had the same sense of satisfaction as onomatapoeia. When I have more than one option for how to structure my code to produce a particular effect, and I pick the one I feel is the most lyrical one, the one that reads most elegantly, the one where following the movement and metamorphosis of the variables through their processes is most satisfying to the mind, what should I call it?
Dan asserts that
"code is perhaps the only language in existence that does exactly what it says it will”,
but he’s wrong. There’s lots of language that does what it says, eg. “I now pronounce you man and wife”. These are called Speech Acts. I don’t know that anyone would try to argue that Speech Acts aren’t poetry, considering so many historical speech acts - pronouncements, orders - are revered as examples of high oratory. I don’t think whether something does what it says it will rules it out of being poetry.
“But we have to take into account the functional and material differences between poetry and code. Code does exactly what it says it will. Poetry opens itself for others to say what it will. Code acts, while poetry waits for others to act upon it.”
I agree with a lot of what Golding says about the two media. Code usually acts while poetry is more passive. I’d like to hear detail about his argument that code and poetry are defined by the gap between printed paper and program. But it just feels like he ignores that key thing about poetry, that it says things both in word-meaning but also in meter, rhythm, onomatapoeia etc.
Code can be written so that it is both a literal set of instructions but also structured, divided, expressed, layered with resonances only a human would pick up, just as traditional poetry follows its meter and still invokes its own particular sense, and that’s the very art of poetry.
5:11 am • 18 October 2012
Went and had a stickybeak at Federation Square while I was in Melbourne to see how it had changed in the five years since I last saw it and 10 years since it was built.
I’ve had people (mostly Sydney people) say to me that this was Melbourne’s attempt at a Sydney Opera House but not 10 years overdue and without the fourteen-fold budget blowout. Lab Architecture’s design used (mostly) commonplace construction techniques to create a cluster of buildings around a common square, a fitting typology for the relatively fine-grain melbourne centre. Wrapped over that was a unique custom cladding that made the best of repeated pieces to form a constantly modulating pattern.
I’ve always felt it was a good strategy that just needed slightly better resolution (or maybe just more money and time). The buildings don’t seem to be in quite the right place. The square is isolated from the waterfront. The cladding pattern looks good from a distance but doesn’t have a secondary level of detail to appreciate up close; it feels like it needs just one more level of complexity, one more governing rule to its pattern, to be interesting enough. (Complexity isn’t the only way material can be interesting but this particular pattern feels like it would benefit from it). There’s a section with complex 3D steel structural frame, but the detailing/joints seemed a bit off-the-shelf. Overall, the square felt just a bit too bland, a bit like looking at a 1:100 drawing blown up to 1:50 size.
Going back though, it seems like it’s settled really well. A bit of weathering was adding a layer over the original materials. Unlike pristine concrete, the pink sandstone was marbled enough to handle water-staining pretty well. Nothing seemed particularly broken or obviously chipped, though sharp-cut corners on the sandstone steps had been rounded off just slightly by use.
The zinc cladding wasn’t really winning or losing yet. The exposed galvanised steel structure had started to develop a little patina, softening it up and making it seem a little less like a temporary scaffolding. The Flinders St side of the square was full of people, people seemed to use the square as a proper landmark - an orientation point within the city, to meet, to describe other parts of the city in relationship to, as a proper amphitheatre in a way the SOH is more rarely used.
I had a lot more faith in it as a contribution to the city. But it felt like it still lacks a kind of exuberance, which seems key to me to great public spaces. True, Melbourne was suffering from a burst of outlandish buildings constructed in the early-mid 2010s boom, so was looking about five years out of fashion, and Fed Square’s less gimmicky design saved it from the same. Still, in silver steel and pastel pink stone, the square can’t help but feel just a little bit reserved and business-like, something that shattered geometries can’t shake.
8:12 am • 7 October 2012
Simple schools for simple minds
Dezeen writes up about new rules banning curves and unusual shapes in school buildlings: http://www.dezeen.com/2012/10/03/uk-government-bans-curved-school-buildings/
From the Dezeen article:
“These projects have been criticised for being too costly by education secretary Michael Gove, who in a conference last year said: ”We won’t be getting Richard Rogers to design your school, we won’t be getting any award-winning architects to design it, because no one in this room is here to make architects richer.””
This hostility towards educated professionals and it makes me wonder if the government is hostile to education in general. Thus the move to restrict architecture isn’t just about being unwilling to spend on education, it’s hostility towards the more modern, more flexible, less authoritarian learning styles as accommodated by less rigid architecture. The ban rules out curves, indents, dog legs and notches in the plan, the kind of techniques that create implied division of space, that break down the more confrontational lecture style classroom. It also rules out curtain walls, lest students see the outdoors and suspect they’re not in a prison, I guess?
Specifically it calls for “simple, orthogonal forms”. Yes, ruling out notches/indents minimises the amount of perimeter wall, which is the most expensive. But school-sized, orthogonal, unarticulated buildings with small windows sound like hostile, authoritarian places to me. Hardly conducive to a curious mind.
3:37 am • 7 October 2012 • 1 note